The combo box control allows users to select an item from a predefined list.
The control provides an editable input field for filtering the list, and a dropdown menu with a list of the available options.
Use the combo box if:
- Users need to exclusively select one item from a long list of items (minimum 13, maximum 200 entries).
- The values of the option list are secondary information and do not need to be displayed right away.
Do not use the combo box if:
- Users need to select from a list of two options, where one of the options can be implied as on and off or yes and no. Consider using a switch control instead.
- Users need to pick one item from a small set of options, such as up to 12 entries. Consider using the select control instead.
- Users need to pick one item from a large set of options, such as more than 200 entries. Consider using the input field control with value help instead.
- You need to display more than one attribute. Consider using the input field with select dialog or value help dialog.
- Searching on multiple attributes is required. Consider using the input field with select dialog or value help dialog.
- Your use cases require that all available options should be displayed right away without any user interaction. Consider using radio buttons or a radio button group.
Responsiveness and Adaptiveness
The input field (1) can display a placeholder (2), or the selected value. Users can type any character to filter the option list.
The dropdown menu’s arrow (3) collapses and expands the option list.
The option list (4) contains a list of values (5) that users can choose from.
Use the combo box with a two-column layout if you need to display additional information to your options, such as currencies for countries or abbreviations for systems.
Note: You can only filter for entries in the first column of the option list. Filtering for the second column is not possible.
Combo box with two-column layout
Behavior and Interaction
Select a Value
There are three ways to select an item from the list:
- Select the item directly from the dropdown list.
- Type the item into the input field.
- Use the up and down arrows to navigate the list.
Clicking the input field places the cursor in the field (1). Clicking the arrow opens the option list (2). Typing into the input field starts filtering the list accordingly; the first value is highlighted and auto-complete suggestions appear in the input field (3). Up/down moves the highlight in the list and populates the value in the field (4). Selecting a value closes the option list (5).
When the first few letters are typed in the input field, the control performs auto-complete to help users to easily select one item from the option list.
Choose from Option List
The option list displays all available items the user can choose from. The selection is always highlighted. Selecting another option from the list moves the highlight to the newly selected option.
Clicking the arrow opens the option list below the field. An exception is made when there is not enough space to display the dropdown list. In this case, the list is displayed over the input field.
The width of the option list adapts to its content. The minimum width is the input field plus the dropdown arrow. The maximum width is the part of the screen furthest to the right. If the option list content requires even more width, entries become truncated.
The user can enter text into the input field (supported by auto-completion). When the user clicks or taps the dropdown arrow of the combo box (1), the option list opens in full width (2). Now the user can modify the selected entry by tapping the input field of the combo box. The keyboard is then displayed, and the user can begin to enter a new term to filter the option list, also supported by auto-completion (3). The option list closes when the user clicks or taps the Close button at the bottom of the list (4) or selects an item in the list (5).
The combo box control can be displayed with or without a label. If the field is attached to another field, you do not need to define a second label. For more information, see the article on how to use labels in SAP Fiori.
Do not use the placeholder attribute as an alternative to a label. This is important because the placeholder text is overwritten as soon as the form is filled out. Labels are necessary to indicate the meaning of the form fields when the placeholders are no longer visible. Show a placeholder only if the user needs a hint on data entry. Do not repeat the content of the label. A hint could be a sample value or a brief description of the expected format. Read more about how to use placeholders.
The option list contains text values only. Keep the text values short because the list is represented using only single lines. Values that are too long might be truncated.
If you need to express that none of the selection options are selected, show a blank input field. Define a default selection whenever possible.
We recommend sorting options alphabetically to help users find the right option quickly. For more sorting rules, check out the guidelines for the select control.
You can adjust the width of the option list to some extent.
The combo box control is usually used in forms, where the width is determined by the form element or container in which the combo box control is embedded. Therefore, we do not recommend defining a fixed width, but rather working with proper layout containers that have a defined width, such as the following properties: “form”, “simpleform”, “responsivegridlayout”, and “layoutdata” .
If you need to restrict the width to a defined value, set the width accordingly.
Keep in mind that there is no horizontal scrolling in the option list. Entries in the list that are too long become truncated and users may not be able to read them.
If localized text is not an issue, consider using a smaller width.
When you select a value, there are two events:
- Change: Occurs when the text in the input field is changed and the focus leaves the input field or the user presses the Enter key.
- Selection change: Occurs when the user types something that matches an item in the list; also when the user clicks a list box item, or when navigating via keyboard.
Want to dive deeper? Follow the links below to find out more about related controls, the SAPUI5 implementation, and the visual design.