Intro

The dynamic page is the foundation for all pages in SAP Fiori. It is a generic layout control designed to support various floorplans and use cases. As a result, the content of both the header and the page can vary. Depending on your use case, you can either use one of the predefined floorplans or create your own layout.

The header of the dynamic page (1) is collapsible, which helps users to focus on the actual page content (2), while ensuring that important header information and actions are readily available. The dynamic page also includes an optional footer toolbar (3) for closing or finalizing actions that impact the whole page.

All SAP Fiori floorplans use the dynamic page, or are visually aligned to look the same. For detailed guidance, see the corresponding floorplan articles.

Floorplans that use the dynamic page:

You can also combine the dynamic page with the following floorplans. This replaces the snapping header feature.

When to Use

Use the dynamic page layout if:

Do not use the dynamic page layout if:

Dynamic Page vs. Semantic Page

The dynamic page is a skeleton structure that comes with empty content containers (page header, page content) and built-in responsive behavior.

This basic structure can be “filled” with content elements in three ways:

  • Automatically: If you are using an SAP Fiori element floorplan, the content of the dynamic page is provided out of the box.
  • Via the semantic page (recommended for freestyle apps): If you are creating a floorplan from scratch, you can use the semantic page (sap.f.semanticPage) to create a freestyle page. The semantic page is a separate control that comes with built-in logic for adding predefined content elements to the page, such as a title, global actions, and a footer toolbar. Using the semantic page significantly reduces the development effort for app teams, and ensures that the header and footer content is structured consistently.
    Note: In this case, the app developer uses only the semantic page control (which already embeds the dynamic page), and not the dynamic page control itself.
  • Manually: Technically, it’s possible to build the dynamic page from scratch. However, implementing the dynamic page manually is a significant development effort! Only consider this option in exceptional cases (for example, if you have special requirements for a freestyle app that cannot be implemented using the preconfigured semantic page control).

Components

Like all layouts, the dynamic page layout is below the shell bar of the SAP Fiori launchpad, which is always at the very top. The dynamic page layout consists of the following areas:

  1. Dynamic page header, comprising the the header title (1a) and the expandable/collapsible header content (1b)
  2. Title
  3. Subtitle/summary
  4. Key information / KPI
  5. Global actions
  6. Header features to collapse/expand (6a) and pin/unpin (6b) the header
  7. Page content (differs depending on the use case and floorplan)
  8. Footer toolbar with finalizing actions

Dynamic Page Header

Together, the header title (mandatory) and the header content (optional) form the dynamic page header.

Header Title

Dynamic page layout - Header title example
Dynamic page layout - Header title example

The header title bar (sap.f.DynamicPageTitle) always contains one of the following elements:

Mandatory Elements

  • Title (1): The title is located on the left of the header title bar, and is always visible. The title can contain one of the following components:

Optional Elements

  • Subtitle/summary (2)
    Placement: Always below the title. The subtitle (sap.m.Text) is often used to summarize the most important information in the collapsed header content. For example, if the header area contains a filter (as in a list reportanalytical list page, or overview page), the subtitle can be used to display the “Filtered By” information.
  • Breadcrumb (3)
    Placement: Above the title. Depending on the floorplan and use case, you can add breadcrumb navigation. The breadcrumb is located above the header title, and is primarily used to display the hierarchy of subpages within an object page.
    Note: In the flexible column layout, the breadcrumb is only available in full screen mode and not in the multi-column layout.
  • Key information (4)
    Placement: In the middle area, but left-aligned. Floorplans can also contain key information such as text, mini facets, and KPI tags.
    Note: Currently, KPI tags are only used within the analytical list page floorplan.
  • Global actions (5)
    Placement: Global actions for the entire floorplan appear on the right-hand side of the header title bar. Always offer the actions as buttons, visualized either as text or icons. For more information, see Header Toolbar. In the collapsed mode, the header title offers the same actions as in the expanded mode and keeps them actionable.
  • Layout actions (6)
    Placement: Depending on the screen size, the layout actions are placed either on the very right of the global actions toolbar, separated by a divider line, or above the global actions (see more in the Responsiveness section). Layout actions, such as the Close or Full Screen / Exit Full Screen icons, are mainly offered by the flexible column layout.
    Note: The dynamic page only provides the area for the layout actions. The navigation actions themselves are defined separately (for example, using the semantic page).
Guidelines

  • Do not remove or disable the actions within the global action toolbar when the header content is collapsed.
  • In the flexible column layout layout, ensure that the icons for the Close or Full Screen / Exit Full Screen actions always stay on the very right. Their position then remains stable, even if other layout actions are added (such as the paging buttons  and  ). The Close and Full Screen / Exit Full Screen actions never move into the overflow.

Header Content

Dynamic page layout - Header content example
Dynamic page layout - Header content example

Located below the header title, the header content (sap.f.DynamicPageHeader) is optional. You can place any components in the header content area (1), provided that they follow the guidelines for the respective floorplan.

When the dynamic page header collapses, the header content is hidden. You can also hide the header content if it is empty. In the latter case, the header title is not interactive.


Header Features

Dynamic page layout - Header features
Dynamic page layout - Header features

The header features (3) allow users to expand and collapse the header content. They can control the visibility of header content using two icon buttons at bottom of the header content area:

  1. Expand/collapse header or   
  2. Pin/unpin header content 

Footer Toolbar

Dynamic page layout - Footer Toolbar
Dynamic page layout - Footer Toolbar

The footer toolbar (sap.m.Toolbar) is also an optional part of the dynamic page layout. You can use it to offer closing or finalizing actions.


Combination with the Flexible Column Layout

The dynamic page layout is responsive and optimized for use within a flexible column layout. Each column (1, 2, 3) can contain its own dynamic page layout with a different floorplan, depending on the use case.

Dynamic page layout inside the flexible column layout
Dynamic page layout inside the flexible column layout

Behavior and Interaction

Dynamic Page Header

The header content collapses or expands upon defined triggers (snap on scroll and snap on click) to show more of the actual page content.

Dynamic page layout - Snap on scroll
Dynamic page layout - Snap on scroll
Dynamic page layout - Snap on click
Dynamic page layout - Snap on click
Dynamic page layout - Pin/unpin
Dynamic page layout - Pin/unpin

Starting in expanded or collapsed mode

By default, the header content is initially expanded. Always expand the header content when starting the application if no query was fired (and the content area is therefore empty).

In certain cases, it can also make sense to deviate from the default and allow the header to appear in collapsed mode when initiating the app.

Snap on Scroll

Scrolling is the typical trigger for collapsing the header content. When the user scrolls down the page, the header content scrolls away. The header title switches to collapsed mode, and stays fixed. When the user scrolls up the page, the header content is expanded again.

Expand/Collapse Header Feature

The expand/collapse header feature is a small icon button directly below the header content that enables the user to expand or collapse the header content. When the pin is active, the expand/collapse header feature is still available and overrules the pin. The icon buttons for expanding and collapsing the header are an alternative to clicking in the header title area, which might not have much clickable space.

On smartphones, the header content scrolls away when the user scrolls up the page. If you have enabled the summary line, the header converts to a summary line when the arrow of the header reaches the header title. As a visual cue, an arrow icon  then appears on the very right of the screen. Tapping the summary line expands the header. The rest of the page stays in the same position.

The expand/collapse header feature is not available if there is no header content.

Snap on Click

In addition to the “snap on scroll” function, the user can also expand and collapse the header content by clicking anywhere on the header title bar that has no active elements (such as links or active buttons).

On desktop devices, the cursor changes from an arrow to a hand to support the user’s interaction. If the header is expanded and user clicks on the title bar, the header content collapses, and vice versa.

Pinning the Header Content

Activating the pin feature keeps the header expanded while the user scrolls through the page content. This mode remains fixed until the user clicks or taps the pin icon again. This feature is optional and can be switched off if it is not useful for your application.

The expand/collapse header feature remains visible when the pin is activated. Clicking or tapping the Collapse Header icon overrules the pin and collapses the header.

The pin functionality is not available for floorplans without scrollbars (see special case below), or when there is no header container, such as in a copy and create scenario.

In the smartphone version, the pin action isn’t provided, as the pinned header would take up too much screen real estate.

Special Case: No Page Scrolling Possible

The following special case applies for pages containing desktop-centric tables, such as the analytical tablegrid table, or tree table.

Because desktop-centric tables use up all of the available screen space, there is no scroll function, and hence no “snap on scroll” functionality. In this special case, a click interaction via the expand/collapse header feature is required to expand or collapse the content area. The Pin/Unpin action is obsolete and is not provided.

This exceptional case also applies to chart containers that use up all the available screen space in a similar way to desktop-centric tables.

Keyboard Interaction

The dynamic page header expands automatically as soon as keyboard actions like tabbing or group jumps (F6) bring the content of the dynamic page header into focus.

The dynamic page header collapses as soon as the keyboard focus leaves the dynamic page header content area.

Key(s) Behavior
[TAB] Move the focus to the dynamic page header – header title bar. The dynamic page header expands automatically.

If the focus is inside the header content area, move the focus to the next UI element within the header.

If the focus is on the last UI element (expand/collapse header feature) within the header content area, leave the header. Collapse the header content.

[SHIFT] + [TAB]  See TAB, in reverse order.
[F6] If the focus is before the header title bar, set the focus to the header title bar. Expand the header content.

If the focus is within the header content, move the focus out of header and collapse the header content.

[SHIFT] + [F6]   See F6, in reverse order.

Responsiveness

The dynamic page layout offers considerable freedom and flexibility. In addition, the dynamic page header and the footer toolbar are designed to adapt automatically to small, medium, and large screen sizes.

The title (sap.m.Title) and subtitle (sap.m.Text) on the left truncate in collapsed mode and wrap in expanded mode. This behavior comes from the respective controls for the title and subtitle, and not from the dynamic page itself.

Key information like KPIs (middle area, left aligned) stays as long as possible.

Global actions stay as long as possible. If there is no key information, the title and the global actions automatically get more space. The toolbar follows the standard toolbar overflow guidelines, and adds the available buttons to the overflow menu from right to left.

Layout actions: The dynamic page offers a specific area for layout actions, which reacts to the predefined breakpoint of 1280 px:

  • Less than 1280 px: Navigation actions are placed in a separate row above the global actions
  • 1280 px or more: Navigation actions are placed to the right of the global actions in the same line

This breakpoint is independent of whether it is used in the flexible column layout, on a desktop device, or on a mobile device.

Letterboxing limits the width of the content area to 1280 px. This prevents the app content from becoming too “stretched” on wide screens, and optimizes readability. Letterboxing can be used together with the dynamic page if the use case requires it. However, most business apps offer so much content that the page is typically shown across the entire screen, without letterboxing.

Size L

Size M

Size S


Summary Line

To save vertical space on smartphones, you can opt to display a smaller summary line instead of the expand/collapse header feature. Switching on this feature can help users focus on the actual content of the page and is recommended.

Size S with summary line
Size S with summary line

Examples

The dynamic page layout is a generic control. The content of both the header and the page differs from floorplan to floorplan. Here are some examples showing the most frequently-used variant per floorplan. For detailed guidance, see the corresponding floorplan guidelines (analytical list pageoverview pagelist reportobject pageworklistwizard).

Top Tips

  • Use always a header title – either as a text or link, or by including variant management.
  • Use the header title and header content to provide the most relevant information and actions for your use case.
  • Only use KPI tags within the analytical list page floorplan.
  • Do not remove or disable the actions within the global action toolbar when the header content is collapsed.
  • Make sure that the layout actions in the flexible column layout are displayed correctly and never get hidden in the overflow.
  • Start your application in expanded mode if users need further content or adjustment options to get started.
  • Offer the pinning feature whenever users may need to fix the header content while scrolling through the page content.
  • Activate the summary line on smartphones to help users focus on the actual content of the page.

Related Topics

Elements and Controls

Implementation