The control for selecting the date range is a single-field input control. Users can enter a localized date range using touch, mouse, or keyboard input, or by selecting a date range in the calendar. They can also navigate directly from one month or year to another.
Use the date range selection if:
- You need a time range and know that your user is a power user who has to input lots of data. If the keyboard is the primary device used for navigating the app, use two input fields. This allows the user to quickly jump from field to field. By selecting a date in one of the fields, the other field should recognize the information and jump to the same selection.
The date range selection is fully responsive. It is smaller in compact mode and provides a touch-friendly size in cozy mode. For more information about cozy and compact modes, see the article on content density.
The date range selection consists of two components: the date range input field and the date range picker.
Date Range Input Field
The user can type the date directly into the input field, or use the date picker. You can also show a prompt text in the field (property: placeholder). The system validates the date and gives the user feedback.
Date Range Picker
With the date range picker, the user can see a day view, month view, or year view. The current day and the selected date are highlighted. The calendar week is also visible in the day view. The calendar closes when a final day is selected. The user can click the arrows to view the previous and next days, months, or years (depending on the current view).
The selected date is shown with a blue background. The current day is indicated with a purple border in the calendar.
Selecting a Date Range
The user can type two dates into the date range input field or click the calendar icon to open the calendar and select a date. These two possibilities work for all devices – desktops, tablets, and smartphones.
If the current month is clicked, the user can change the month. When the user selects a month, the view changes to the day view.
By clicking the current year, the view changes to the year view. When the user selects a year, the view changes to the day view.
Selecting an End Date
Selecting a Range
Entering Single Dates
The date range selection also allows the user to input single dates. The user can type one date into the input field, or select the same day as a start and end date in the calendar.
The delimiter visualizes the start and end date. If no delimiter is given, the app uses the one defined for the used locale.
If no range is selected, show a placeholder text to indicate the correct format. If no placeholder is defined, the control shows the default locale placeholder format. You can define your own placeholder, but you must also take localized versions into account.
Use in-line validation to give the user feedback, especially in the form of errors and warnings. Possible warning states are warning, error, and success. The date range input field in question is highlighted by a frame in the corresponding color. If the focus is inside the field, an explanation is shown. Ensure that this explanation is as specific as possible.
You can choose whether the displayed texts are to be shown in short, medium, or long format, or in another date format like dd–MM–yyyy. However, other date formats (besides short, medium, and long) should be used carefully due to local dependencies.
The following input types are available. (Note: these examples show German date formats for January 14, 2014.)
- Unicode CLDR short format: 14.01.14
- Unicode CLDR medium format: 14.01.2014
- ISO date format: 2014-01-14
- ISO date format without delimiters: 20140114
- Unicode CLDR short format without delimiters: 140114
- Unicode CLDR medium format: 14012014
Long Date Format
Short Date Format
Use the short date format for master list/object list item/list of object attributes if space is a concern. For example, you might need to save space if there is a label with the date. Here are some examples of the short date format:
- English (US): 1/16/22
- German (DE): 16.01.22
- Japanese (JP): 22/01/16
Relative and Medium Date Format
If appropriate, use a relative format for master list/object list item/list of object status. For example: today, 1 day ago, 2 days ago, and so on up to 6 days ago. After 6 days, use an absolute date with the medium format.
Use the absolute date with medium format in the corresponding object header in the details area. Do not use the relative format here.
If screen space is at a premium (for example, if there are too many columns), use the short date format within table cells. Otherwise, use the medium format.
If you need to display the weekday, use the full format. For example:
- English (US): Sunday, January 16, 2022
- German (DE): Sonntag, 16. Januar 2022
- French (FR): dimanche 16 janvier 2022