The table toolbar always appears above the table and has a transparent background. The control is used for key actions that impact the entire table. Note that this toolbar scrolls away.
Use the table toolbar if:
- There are multiple objects on your page and you need to edit only the table.
- You want to show actions as close to their corresponding controls as possible.
- You need a title for your table.
Do not use the table toolbar if:
- You are using single selection and only one or two actions. In this case, place the actions on each line.
All of the components are optional. The table toolbar can contain the following actions:
- App-specific actions
- Generic actions
The following actions count as generic:
- Variant management
- View switch
- Sort, Filter, and Group (view settings)
- Export to spreadsheet
Behavior and Interaction
If needed, the app team can define their own actions for the app. In this case, the text buttons should contain a short, unambiguous text that explains what action the button performs. A button text is usually a single-word verb (for example, Share). Note that translated UIs may increase the length of the text string.
Only use icon buttons if you are sure that the user will be able to interpret the meaning of the icon easily and without the aid of a tooltip. Use standard and easily recognizable icons, such as a paper clip for an attachment.
A title provides a short, meaningful summary of the content, mostly by using a single word. The title bar is a toolbar property that supports consistently-sized text and titles with the same height in cozy and compact form factors.
Consider the following when using a title:
- Use the sap.m.Title control.
- The toolbar height must be set to 3 rem.
- The title must have the label class sapMH4Fontsize.
Use a table title if you need the table toolbar, and if the title of the table is not indicated in the surrounding area. To avoid repeating text, feel free to use generic text as a table title, such as Items. Note that the title becomes truncated if there is not enough space.
Variant Management (Generic)
Variants store settings that have been defined, for example, for layout, column visibility, sorting, and grouping. The variant management control enables the user to load, save, and change variants.
In the context of tables, the variant management control is used to save, manage, and load table settings which include layout, column visibility, sorting, and grouping.
For this, the variant management control can be used independently of the filter settings.
Always place this control in the table toolbar next to the title.
If you place the variant management control inside a toolbar, you need to apply the following styles:
- The toolbar height must be set to 3 rem.
- The title must have the class sapMH4Fontsize.
The examples below show where to place this control:
Title and Variant Management (Generic)
In exceptional cases, both the title and variant management have to be used. However, we do not recommend this because it results in a crowded toolbar and problems with responsiveness may occur. Variant management alone is generally sufficient.
The title and variant management are both left-aligned. The title is placed first, followed by a separator and the variant management.
Content Switch (Generic)
When apps need to switch between different content in a table, use a select control (also known as a dropdown) or a segmented button. The select control and the segmented button are displayed left-aligned in the table toolbar and allow the user to show different views.
These views could be very specific. For example, All, Mine, and Others. However, you should ensure that there is no interference with the filters in the filter bar. Alternatively, the views might be made up of specific groupings or configurations, such as By X or By Y.
We strongly recommend that you use the segmented button and the select control as follows:
- A limited set of views (2-3) can be represented by a segmented button (sap.m.SegmentedButton), which should collapse into a dropdown on a smartphone.
- If the number of views can change or is larger than 3, they should be represented by a select (m.Select) control.
For more information about using multiple predefined views, see the list report floorplan (under Content Area: Multiple Views)
You can also include counters on your segmented buttons or your dropdown to indicate, for example, the number of products in each specific content view. For example, All Products (115), Hardware (60), Software (55).
If you use a content switch, you no longer need a title. In very rare use cases, both a title and a content switch must be visible. In this case, the title and the content view are left-aligned.
You can also use the icon tab bar as a filter. At the front, there can be an All tab (optional) stating the overall number and type of items, such as 14 Products.
If you use the icon tab bar as a filter, we strongly recommend that you show a counter on every tab. If you need a counter, use the icon tab bar instead of the content switch inside the table. Also use the icon tab bar if you need different actions for your different table views. Use the content switch instead of tabs if there are multiple table variants.
If a data set is too large for users to find items by scanning through them, we recommend that you offer a search functionality. Do not place a search function in the table toolbar if there is a filter bar above.
If you want to provide a search for your table, place it on the right side of the toolbar. Note that this control cannot be moved into the overflow menu. We therefore recommend that you define a minimum width.
For more information, see search.
Sometimes the user will need to edit a table. In this case, you have two options: You must decide whether the user needs to edit more than one element, or whether the main use case is to edit only one element.
Option 1: Editing Line Items
To allow the user to edit a line item details page, set sap.m.ListType to “detail” in the corresponding item (sap.m.ColumnListItem/sap.m.ListItemBase, property: type, value: sap.m.ListType.Detail or sap.m.ListType.DetailAndActive). This creates an Edit button at the end of the line. The user can click or tap the button to trigger the edit event. Use this event to switch the corresponding line item to edit mode.
Edit is a list item type and therefore cannot be used together with navigation or with the use of click events on the whole item (active).
Option 2: Editing the Whole Table
To edit a whole table, use the table toolbar. The edit function is a text button. Triggering this action results in the Edit button being replaced by Save and Cancel, and the user can then make any necessary changes in the table. All actions that control the UI of the table remain visible, and all other actions are hidden.
View Switch (Generic)
View switches are right-aligned in the toolbar and allow the user to switch between different chart types or table layouts. You must provide the view switch if the chart relies on subtle color differences or gradients of color. In these cases, users with visual impairments can switch to the table view.
Switches are optional and do not have to be available if there is no need to switch between different charts or tables.
The number of chart types and switches must be used with caution. Each app team must decide what kinds of chart types make sense to visualize the respective data to assist the user in the best possible way.
We do not recommend using more than three types of visualization. The sequence of chart type switches is not fixed; however, you must sort them in terms of their importance and frequency of usage.
The chart type currently in use is highlighted. For this purpose, use a segmented control with icons. For more information about the icons and the chart types they represent, see chart toolbar.
The Add item or row action can be presented by a generic icon button or a text that describes the action in more detail. Place the action as close to the content as possible.
If the Add action is a main function, the action should never be moved into the overflow.
If the app uses more than two Add actions, or if the meaning of the icon is not entirely clear, use text buttons.
Sort, Filter, and Group (Generic)
Sort, Filter, and Group can appear in any combination or as single actions. If you use more than one of these actions, we recommend keeping them in the following order: Sort, Filter, and Group.
When the user chooses one of these actions, the view settings dialog appears. This dialog can provide any combination of these three settings, including only one setting, such as Sort.
- If sorting, filtering, and/or grouping is a common use case in your app, offer one, two, or all three of the corresponding features in one or more view settings dialogs. Do not provide these features if the table is expected to have only a small number of entries (up to 20 in most cases).
- If filtering is a main use case, do not offer filtering in the view settings dialog; use the filter bar instead.
There are two ways to trigger the view settings dialog:
- The user clicks or taps a button on the table toolbar. Offer all relevant functionality (Sort, Filter, and/or Group) in this dialog.
- The user clicks or taps one of several buttons for each of these view settings. Each button opens a view settings dialog which contains only the corresponding page.
Use one of the two options listed above based on the following guidelines:
- If sorting, filtering, and/or grouping are a secondary use case, use option 1.
- If there are several additional actions and the table toolbar becomes overloaded with buttons, use option 1.
- If sorting, filtering, and/or grouping are a primary use case, use option 2 to allow faster access to these settings.
- If screen real estate is not an issue, use option 2.
- If there is only one view setting (Sort, Filter, or Group), use option 2.
Always use only the view settings you really need. For example, do not offer grouping if it does not support your use case.
Using the view settings dialog allows you to define several Sort, Filter, and/or Group settings per column. Thus, a column with several data points can be sorted, filtered, and/or grouped independently by each data point.
Ensure a consistent user experience. When a user reopens the app, show the analytical table with the same view settings that were last defined by this user.
Use the table personalization dialog for adding, removing, and rearranging columns. The user triggers the dialog by clicking a button on the table toolbar.
Offer personalization if you need more columns than those that fit on a tablet screen (which is usually five) to fulfill 80% of your main use cases. Before you do this, try to reduce the number of columns, for example, by using several lines per column or by using the pop-in.
Ensure a consistent user experience. When a user reopens the app, show the analytical table with the same view settings (Sort, Filter, and Group settings) that were last defined by this user.
The table toolbar is always transparent and and has transparent-style buttons. Do not use the accept, reject, or emphasized button styles; these are reserved for key actions in the footer toolbar. For more information, see button.
Want to dive deeper? Follow the links below to find out more about related controls, the SAPUI5 implementation, and the visual design.